Prostate cancer affects millions of men over the age of 50 worldwide. This disease differs from other kinds of cancers because having cancerous areas in the prostate areas are very common and could stay dominant for years. Majority of these prostate cancers grow very slowly, while only a small portion of men experience rapid prostate cancer growth that spreads to different parts of the body, especially the bones.
For men at their late 40s, it is important to get as much prostate cancer information as you can to be able to prevent problems with the prostate. However, since a few cases of cancer patients diagnose are below the age of 50, it is best that you are aware about the basic prostate cancer information to be treated during the early stages of cancer.
Prostate Cancer Information on Treatment Options
Contrary to popular belief, prostate cancer can be treated. However, it would depend on the parts of the body where the cancer has spread. For instance, cancers that haven’t spread and are still inside the prostate gland are usually treated with radiation therapy. This treatment involves x-rays that are able to kill diseased cells.
Watchful waiting, on the other hand, is used by doctors when the cancers have gone beyond the prostate gland. Watchful waiting is an approach involves no treatment. Instead, doctors watch, wait and examine until the tumor becomes larger. This approach is usually done for older men who have greater risk of dying from other reasons than the cancer. For more prostate cancer information, read on.
Prostate Cancer Information on Radiation Therapy
Radiation therapy can be given by “machine therapy” (that uses special machine that looks like an x-ray machine) or by “seed therapy” (that uses radioactive pellets that are injected directly into the prostate gland). Both work to cure prostate cancer, but have been known to cause impotence after two years of therapy.
While machine therapy is done for five days over a period of seven or more weeks, seed therapy can be performed only in one hospital visit. However, machine therapy does not integrate anesthesia, while seed therapy uses anesthesia for a few minutes. The side effects of machine therapy are milder compared to seed therapy.
After the treatment, a PSA (prostate-specific antigen) blood test should be taken, twice a year for the next five years. When the PSA level rises, there is a great possibility that the cancer has come back.
For more prostate cancer information, it is best to an oncologist or a cancer doctor to give you recommendations on the kind of treatment is best for your condition.