Prostate cancer is the most common cancer found in men, affecting up to one in every six males in the population. The risk is highest for men over the age of 65, African American males, and those who have a family history of the disease. The good news is that with year screenings and appropriate prostate cancer treatment, the cure rate for the disease is well over 90% when the cancer is detected in the treatable stage. This is the case more often than not, since prostate cancer also tends to be a slow-moving disease most of the time. The key is in getting annual screenings by the age of 50, and seeking prostate cancer treatment right away if the disease is indeed diagnosed.
For many men, surgery will be the first step in prostate cancer treatment. The type of surgery that your doctor recommends will be determined by whether the cancer has spread outside of the prostate and how aggressive the cancer is. In many cases, your doctor can now perform prostate removal through a laparoscopic procedure. The advantages to this type of surgery as opposed to the traditional surgical procedure are many, and can include a shorter hospital stay, less bleeding during the surgery and less pain afterward. If surgery is in your future as a part of your prostate cancer treatment, it is a good idea to talk to your doctor about which surgical procedure will be the best for you.
Another possible prostate cancer treatment to consider is radiation therapy. This treatment is generally conducted five days a week for about eight or nine weeks. You will receive the treatment at a facility with an x-ray technician who will direct radiation at the cancer location with the use of a radiation machine. There are some side effects to radiation therapy, and most will be mild and disappear within a few weeks after completing the treatment. However, there is the possibility of more severe side effects from this type of prostate cancer treatment, including erectile dysfunction and urinary tract complications. Because of this, it is important to weigh all of your options in prostate cancer treatment before making a decision about radiation therapy.
Chemotherapy is the prostate cancer treatment of choice in cases where the disease is advanced or has not responded well to other forms of treatment. With chemotherapy, cancer-killing drugs are given to the patient intravenously in a series of cycles that will usually continue anywhere from three to six months. Chemotherapy is a strong drug that carries with it many unpleasant side effects, which is why it is usually given at the end of treatment.
Prostate cancer can be a scary diagnosis for any patient. Fortunately, there are many good options in prostate cancer treatment to help someone who is diagnosed with the disease beat the illness and live a long, healthy life.